About Adoption

We know that there is a lot of mystery around the process and misconceptions. We hope to be a resource to provide clarity. 

Types of Adoption

There are two over-arching types of adoption: open and closed. Each have its reasons, but Miriam’s Promise heavily advocates for some degree of an open adoption between birth families and adoptive families. 

Open adoption allows for some form of association among the birth parents, adoptive parents and the child they adopted. This can include picture and letter sharing, phone and video calls, or even intermediary or open contact among the parties themselves. Many adoptions of older children and teenagers are at least partially open since the children may already know identifying or contact information about members of their birth families, and may want to stay in touch with siblings placed separately.

This communication can also be facilitated through your case worker or Miriam’s Promise representative, if either part wishes to be somewhat removed from the process. 

 Closed adoptions are when no identifying information about the birth family or the adoptive family is shared between the two, and there is no contact between the families.  

As the adoptive family, you will receive non-identifying information about the child and birth family before he or she joins your family.  After your adoption is finalized, the records are sealed.  

Depending on local law and what paperwork was signed and filed when the adoption was finalized, these records may or may not be available to the adopted child when they reach 18.

Accurate Adoption Language

Words not only convey facts, they also evoke feelings. For example, when a TV show or movie contains language about a “custody battle” between “real parents” and “other parents”, this reinforces the inaccurate notion that only birthparents are real parents and that adoptive parents aren’t real parents. Members of society may also wrongly conclude that all adoptions are “battles”.

Accurate adoption language can stop the spread of misconceptions such as these. By using accurate language, we educate others about adoption. We choose emotionally “correct” words over emotionally laden words. We speak and write using appropriate adoption language in the hope of influencing others so that this language will someday become the norm. You can learn more about accurate adoption language on the National Council for Adoption website

Birthparent/biological parentReal parent, natural parent
Birth childOwn child, real child, natural child
My childAdopted child, own child
Person/Individual who was adoptedAdopted child, own child
Born to unmarried parentsIllegitimate
Make an adoption plan, choose adoptionGive away, adopt out, give up, put up
To parent the baby/childTo keep the baby
Child in need of a familyAdoptable child/unwanted child
ParentAdoptive parent
Child who has special needsHandicapped child, hard to place
Was adoptedIs adopted
Choosing an adoption planGiving away your child
Finding a family to parent your childPutting your child up for adoption
Parenting the baby/childKeeping your baby
Confidential adoptionClosed adoption
Unintended pregnancyUnwanted/problem pregnancy
Fully-disclosed adoptionOpen adoption
Semi-open adoptionOpen adoption